Photography as an art form is the process by which photographers are able to alter the appearance and interpretation of a subject with the use of a camera. This is done through methods that include altering the actual photograph, carefully choosing the way the subject is photographed, and by seeking out unique and moving subjects. Three of the most famous photographers include:
Battlefield photography was first developed during the American Civil War with it consisting largely of portraits and pictures of corpses. Robert Capa changed battlefield photography while photographing five different wars including the Spanish American War and the Spanish Civil War. His photographs consist of vivid shots of persons in action. This includes his famous photo of a soldier being shot, a squad manning a machine gun in a house, and mean charging at each other. He is able to capture innocents affected by wars with photographs of disfigured soldiers and women searching for their dead children. Robert Capa was able to rapidly develop and distribute his photographs so they could be printed in newspapers. These photographs were one of the first times the public was able to see journalistic photographs.
Ansel Adams is known for fine tuning the art of landscape photography. Due to the presence of light and lack of movement, landscape photography was one of the first forms of photography to be developed. Ansel Adams became famous by producing photographs of huge landscapes in different lights and distances. She is notable for her photographs of Yosemite National Park with her photographs being used to advocate for the preservation of the park. She developed a complex form of mosaic photography that used extremely accurate light measurements to create seamless composites.
Edward Muybridge is notable for being the first person to produce a motion picture. The picture was created with the use of multiple cameras timed to take pictures in rapid succession. This resulted in the icon photographs of a horse galloping, which included a shot of the horse with all four feet off the ground. Edward Muybridge not only served as inspiration for motion pictures, but also inspired technologically complex forms of photography. This includes action photographs that show rapid motion in a still shot. Edward Muybridge was instrumental in the development of slow motion photography and the use of tripwire photography for action shots.
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